February 9, 2017

AKI and Long-Term Risk for Cardiovascular Events and Mortality

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This systematic review and meta-analysis of 25 studies involving 254 408 patients assessed whether AKI associates with long-term cardiovascular disease. AKI associated with an 86% and a 38% increased risk of cardiovascular mortality and major cardiovascular events, respectively ([RR 1.86; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.72 to 2.01] and [RR 1.38; 95% CI, 1.23 to 1.55], respectively), particularly heart failure [58% increased risk of heart failure (RR 1.58; 95% CI, 1.46 to 1.72)] and acute myocardial infarction [40% increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (RR 1.40; 95% CI, 1.23 to 1.59)]

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Acute Kidney Injury, Clinical Nephrology, General Nephrology