Medical Management to Prevent Recurrent Nephrolithiasis in Adults: A Systematic Review for an American College of Physicians Clinical Guideline
This systematic review nicely distills the basics of renal stone management. In patients with idiopathic calcium-containing kidney stones the principle of management is the following: increase fluid intake. If they are recurrent, then addition of thiazide or citrate may further reduce the risk. Allopurinol was beneficial in the subgroup that had baseline hyperuricemia or hyperuricosuria.
- DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) Diet and Risk of Subsequent Kidney Disease
- Systematic Review: Vitamin D and Calcium Supplementation in Prevention of Cardiovascular Events
- Antihypertensives for Kidney Transplant Recipients: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials